Saturday, August 27, 2011

विकिलिक्स खुलासाः बोइङको जहाज खरिद गर्न माओवादीद्वारा आफूमाथि लगाइएको आतंकवादी बिल्ला हटाउनु पर्ने शर्त

नेपालका कम्युनिस्ट नाममात्रका
  • नेपाली भूमिमा चिनियाँ सेना
  • भीम रावल नजिकका’, वामदेव गौतम आक्रामक’, कृष्ण सिटौला लटरपटरे
  • जालीहरुको देश नेपाल
उमेश श्रेष्ठ/ मणि दाहाल, काठमाडौँ, भदौ १०- नेपाल वायुसेवा निगमका लागि अमेरिकी कम्पनी बोइङको जहाज खरिद गर्न तत्कालनी माओवादी नेतृत्वको सरकारले आफ्नो दललाई अमेरिकी सरकारले लगाउँदै आएको आतंकवादीको ट्याग हटाउनु पर्ने शर्त राखेको खुलासा भएको छ।

विश्वभरका अमेरिकी दूतावासको गोप्य कागजात सार्वजनिक गर्दै चर्चामा रहेको वेबसाइट विकिलिक्सले नेपालस्थित अमेरिकी दुतावासले वासिङटन पठाएका २ हजार २ सय ७८
केबलमध्ये शुक्रबार राति सार्वजनिक भएका केबलहरुबाट यो खुलासा भएको छ।

अमेरिकी दूतावासले सन् २००९ को मार्च १३ मा पठाएको केबलमा तत्कालीन प्रधानमन्त्री पुष्पकमल दाहालका आर्थिक सल्लाहकार प्रमोद काफ्लेले यस्तो सर्त राखेको जानकारी दूतावासका अधिकारीलाई बोइङका अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय अपरेसन्सका निर्देशक समिर सहगलले दिएको उल्लेख छ।

नेपालका कम्युनिस्ट नाममात्रका
नेपालका कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी नाममात्रका कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी भएको रिपोर्ट अमेरिकाको काठमाडौँस्थित दूतावासले वासिङटनमा गरेको छ। तत्कालीन अमेरिकी राजदूत मालिनोस्कीले सन् २००२ को फेब्रुअरी २० मा पठाएको केबलमा टिप्पणी गरिएको छ-
नेपालका कम्युनिस्ट पार्टीहरुको नाममा कम्युनिस्ट झुण्डिएको भए पनि उनीहरु युरोपतिरका सोसल डेम्रोक्रेटिक पार्टीहरु जस्तै छन्। एमालेका नेताहरुले त आफूलाई नेपाली कांग्रेसभन्दा बढी लोकतान्त्रिक भएको दावी गर्छन्। स्मरणीय छ, अमेरिकी राजदूतले एमाले मुख्यालयको भ्रमण गर्दा त्यहाँ रहेका कम्युनिस्ट नेताहरुको फोटो झिकेर लुकाइएको थियो।  मणि जी, यसलाई मिलाउँ है कहिले त्यसो गरेको हो मलाई थाहा छैन खोजबिन गर्नुस्। केबल चाहिँ यो हो-
2002-02-20 11:25
Putting the U Back in UML 
1. (U) Nepal's main opposition party, the Communist Party 
of Nepal - United Marxist and Leninist (UML), merged 
February 15 with a smaller former offshoot, the Communist 
Party of Nepal - Marxist-Leninist (ML).  (Note: The 
combined parties will continue to use the UML name. 
Although communist by name, these parties more closely 
resemble European social-democratic parties.  UML leaders 
claim to be even more democratic that the ruling Nepali 
Congress, which in the UML view remains feudal, nepotistic 

नेपाली भूमिमा चिनियाँ सेना
अमेरिकी दूतावासले पठाएको एउटा अर्को केबलमा नेपाली भूमिमा निश्चित रुपमा चिनियाँ सेना रहेको ठोकुवा गरिएको छ।
2002-09-26 09:30




E.O. 12958: N/A
SUBJECT:  American Climbers Fired Upon Near Tibetan

1. (SBU) Summary.  Two men wearing what appeared to
be military uniforms and carrying automatic weapons
fired a series of five shots at American climbers
David Morton and Jeff Lamoureux in the Upper Solu
Khumbu region near Nepal's border with Tibet, Morton
reported to Post via e-mail.  The incident occurred
as the Americans were acclimatizing in preparation
for attempts to record first summits of Nepal's newly
opened peak Nanpai Gosum.  One of the assailants
reportedly identfied himself as "Chinese military".
While neither American was injured, their latest e-
mail communication states they have abandoned their
summit plans and are being accompanied by Nepali
police officers to retrieve equipment and personal
effects they abandoned during the attack at their
base camp.  End Summary.

2. (SBU)  On October 24, the Consular Section
received a telefax from Seattle-based Alpine Ascents
International attaching an e-mail addressed to the
Embassy from David Morton which described the
shooting incident.  [Note: Writing from Namche
Bazaar, the central trading village in the Mount
Everest region of Nepal, Morton had tried to send the
message directly to Post, but stated it "bounced
back"].  Morton, a mountain guide, and his climbing
partner Jeffrey Lamoureux had filed AmCit
registrations with the Embassy before embarking on an
attempt to record first-ascents of Nanpai Gosum, a
24,000 ft. peak newly opened for climbing by the
Nepali Government last December.  Nanpai Gosum's
three summits lie west of Mount Everest, adjacent to
the 8,000M Cho Oyo Peak only a few kilometers from
the Nepal-Tibet border.

3.  (SBU) Morton's initial e-mail reporting the
shooting states that on September 16, as part of the
altitude acclimatization process in preparation for a
summit bid, he and Lamoureux left their base camp
headed "up towards" Nangpa La Pass, a nearly 19,000
ft. pass on the Nepal/Tibetan Chinese border.  [Note:
Nangpa La is both a trade route and a crossing point
for Tibetan refugees attempting to gain entry into
Nepal and/or India.]  On the way to the pass, a man
armed with an automatic weapon approached them.  The
man appeared to be of Han Chinese ethnicity, showed
them what he claimed was his Chinese military uniform
under his black jacket and said he was a member of
the Chinese military.

4.  (SBU) The man, described by Morton as "extremely
nervous," asked where Morton and Lamoureux were
coming from, if there were others behind them, where
their base camp was located, etc.  There is no
indication that he asked the climbers' nationalities
or for money.  During a "very uncomfortable"
encounter Morton and Lamoureux gave him food and
water.  He spoke very little English and when Morton
attempted to communicate in Nepali, he indicated that
he didn't speak that language.  After taking the
food, the man headed down the trail and Morton and
Lamoureux continued upward.  However, 20 minutes
later, they spotted the man watching them from above,
seated on a glacial moraine.

5.  (SBU) After continuing up for another hour, they
spotted another man, wearing the same type of ski hat
as the first man they encountered, who ducked behind
a rock 200 yards up the trail from them.
Apprehending danger, they decided to go down.  On the
descent, they had another "awkward" encounter with
the first interlocutor, to whom they again gave food
and water.  Ten minutes after he abruptly said "bye,"
they heard the first shot.

6.  (SBU) At first Morton attempted to dismiss the
shot, thinking the men were simply "messing around or
something."  However, two or three minutes after the
first shot, Mr. Morton relates "there was a shot
which came at us and just missed us - we heard the
bullet go right past our ears."  The two Americans
began running, ditched their packs so they could move
faster and stopped on occasion behind rocks to catch
their breaths "because it was so difficult (16,000
ft.)."  The two men continued their pursuit and fired
a total of five shots during the chase.  Morton hid
his money under a rock, and the two Americans
eventually found a hiding place amidst the rocks
where they remained for three or four hours.

7.  (SBU) When they felt safe enough to move Morton
and Lamoureux returned to their base camp and, after
discussing what had occurred with their Nepali cook
and their porter, decided to descend down toward
Namche Bazaar as soon as it got dark.  They left base
camp at 8 p.m. and reached Thame at 5 a.m., arriving
safely in Namche Bazaar the next day.

8.  (SBU) ConOff spoke with the Americans' local
trekking agent who had received a second e-mail from
Morton stating he and Lamoureux had met with the
military and police in Namche Bazaar and would be
returning to collect their supplies at base camp in
the company of two Nepali police officers.  Embassy
has sent an e-mail to Morton advising of our concern
and asking him to contact Consul directly upon his
return to Namche Bazaar.  PolOff advised the MFA
concerning the shootings within Nepal's borders
during a meeting on September 24.  The MFA was
unaware of the incident.

9.  (SBU) Comment:  Morton's e-mail indicates his
uncertainty about the identity of the armed men who
fired upon him and Lamoureux.  "[A]t first we thought
perhaps Maoists but this guy was clearly Chinese and
claimed to not speak Nepali," Morton wrote, adding:
"[O]ur sirdhar and his Sherpa helper from that valley
think that they were Chinese police."  He also
speculated that they could be Chinese bandits.
Maoist insurgents are not typically found at such
elevations (16,000 ft.).  In the incidents where
trekkers have reported encountering purported
Maoists, the Maoists ususally ask for money.  From
the details of the terrain given in Morton's report,
it seems clear that, whatever the identity of the
gunmen, the incident occurred on the Nepal side of
Nangpa La Pass.


1. (SBU)  On September 20, American climbers David Morton and
Jeff Lamoureaux were fired upon by two men wearing what they
believe were Chinese military uniforms and one of whom stated
that he belonged to the Chinese military (ref).  Altitude
readings taken by the climbers and landmarks near their
location on the approach to Nangpa-La (aka Khumbu-La) make it
clear that the Americans were in Nepal.  Reftel gives a basic
chronology of the event; additional details below were
related by the climbers in a September 30 meeting with
EmbOffs following the trekkers' return to Kathmandu.  Draft
press guidance on the incident, on an if-asked basis, follows
in para 9. End summary.


2. (SBU)  Post received a copy of an e-mail on September 24,
describing a September 20 incident in which two unidentified
men fired on two AmCit climbers near Nepal's border with the
Tibet Autonomous Region.  Neither American was injured in the
incident (ref).  In order to clarify details of the report,
post asked the climbers involved, David Morton and Jeff
Lamoureaux, to meet with Embassy officers on their return to

3. (SBU)  In a September 30 meeting, the climbers confirmed
to EmbOffs that they had just passed 5100 m (16,725 feet)
altitude on the route north to Nangpa-La when they first
encountered one of the shooters.  The climbers had checked
their altimeter and noted that they were at the same altitude
as their base camp farther to the east.  That altitude would
place them 600 m (1960 feet) lower than the pass and
therefore still in Nepal. (Note: Nangpa-La is just south of
the border between Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region. End
note.)  Though the area is extremely remote, with few
landmarks, the climbers were able to pinpoint the location of
the first encounter as south of and below Luang, a collection
of yak-herders' huts approximately 12 km south of the border.
 The climbers stated that they had "just rounded the corner,"
meaning that they had just passed the outcropping of the
closest peak that blocks the view of Nangpa-La from below.
They turned around at Luang and headed back south when they
spotted a second man watching them from above.  They say they
were shot at during their descent.

4. (SBU)  The two AmCits offered further information about
the (purported) identity of the assailants.  They say that
the man who initially stopped them showed them his camouflage
uniform with a red stripe/epaulette and yellow star on the
shoulder, and had a red balaclava-type hat with a yellow or
orange border at the bottom.  The climbers said that the man
looked "like the Han Chinese you see in Tibet...
light-skinned with short hair," and that he told the
Americans he was a member of the Chinese military.  They also
stated that the man carried an automatic weapon with a curved
clip and thin metal stock.  They informed him that they were
Americans prior to the shooting, to which he said nothing.

5. (SBU)  The climbers told EmbOffs that when they were
returning with police protection to their base camp to
retrieve their climbing gear, they encountered a group of
Tibetan traders near Luang.  When asked if they had seen any
Chinese police around the area, the traders replied that they
had just passed two of them about a kilometer up the trail,
near the yak-herders' huts at Luang.  (Note:  Morton and
Lamoureaux state that the Tibetan traders and their
translator were using the terms "police," "military" and
"border patrol" interchangeably during the exchange. End
note.)  According to the American climbers, the traders did
not seem surprised by the possible presence of Chinese forces
inside Nepal.


6. (SBU)  On their descent to Namche Bazar, where they hoped
to be able to communicate with Kathmandu, Morton and
Lamoureaux encountered a lone Tibetan refugee suffering from
hypothermia.  One of the local guides accompanying the
climbers spoke Tibetan, and translated the refugee's
statements that he had been traveling with a group of 30-40
others but had been left behind because he was moving too
slowly.  After his group had moved on, the lone refugee had
heard gunfire and fighting ahead of him on the trail.  In
Namche Bazar, the District Chief of Police confirmed to the
climbers that a group of 35 Tibetan refugees had crossed into
Nepal on the morning of the incident.


7. (SBU)  This is the first incidence of shooting on Nepal's
border with China in two years, and the first we have heard
of involving AmCits.  Office of Tibet Representative Wangchuk
Tsering indicated to PolOff that there have been no shootings

on the Chinese border since October 2000, when one refugee
was killed and two others injured by the Nepal police.  The
incident does not bear the typical marks of either banditry
or a Maoist encounter.  The two climbers were never asked for
their money, their packs, or any of the expensive climbing
equipment or cameras they had with them.  Maoist insurgents
are not typically found at the high altitude where the
incident took place.  Mountaineering professionals were
surprised by the story, and could not recall any prior events
of this kind involving trekkers.

8. (SBU)  The commander of Royal Nepal Army forces in Namche

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